How to Select the Right Iron

Mastering Your Swing: A Guide to Choosing the Perfect Iron Set for Your Skill Level

Unleash Your Golfing Potential with the Right Iron Set

            If you regularly follow our blogs and social media posts, you might see several posts related to iron sets that are available at Golf Superstore. However, for those of you who are new to the game of golf, this may seem somewhat overwhelming which may lead to confusion. If you know little about iron sets, it is likely that you are unsure as to where to start when it comes to selecting the right iron set for your skillset and golf goals. Overall, if you can buy yourself a set of irons which suit your game well, it will improve your scores and playing ability. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the different types of irons and how this relates to golf. So, this week’s blog will be a continuation of our “How To” series. In particular, we hope that this blog will serve as a “How to Select the Right Iron” for each reader’s skillset.


Types of Irons


Different Types of Irons

            Irons are designed to help golfers hit the ball accurately and achieve varying distances depending on the ball’s current position and desired position. To make it simple, here is a brief synopsis of the different types of irons which are commonly used among iron sets.

Long Irons (2-4 Irons):
Long irons have lower lofts and higher shafts which make them optimal for shots that need maximum distance. Generally, long irons can be used for hitting the ball off of a tee on long holes or fairway shots on par 5’s. In my opinion, these irons are not imperative for every beginner as they can achieve many of the same objectives as hybrids or even a driver in some cases.

Mid Irons (5-7 Irons):

Mid Irons have slightly higher lofts and shorter shafts in comparison to 2-4 irons. They are versatile irons that often offer a balance between distance and control. Most commonly, they can be used for fairway shots on par-4’s or par 3’s. I would say that if you are a first time iron set buyer, the 5 and 6 iron are not as imperative for a beginner to have in their collection. However, a 7 iron comes in use often for beginner golfers so it is worth investing in one.

Short Irons (8-9 Irons):

Short irons have higher loft and shorter shaft than any of the aforementioned irons discussed which allow these irons to give the golfer more control and accuracy. They are primarily used for shots requiring precision such as fairway shots to the green. Short irons yield shorter distances but higher shots making them great go-to’s for shots going to the green. Short irons are a must-have for beginner golfers looking to expand their collection.

Pitching Wedge:

The pitching wedge has a high loft and is designed for short-distance shots around the green. That would be those shots which are directly next to the green. This club is most commonly used for pitch shots, chip shots, and bunker shots.


Sand Wedge:

The sand wedge has a high loft and is crafted for shots out of the bunker, or commonly referred to as the sand trap (hence the name). It has a wider sole to prevent the club from digging too deeply into the sand which allows the player to ensure the club goes underneath the ball. Overall, I would say that the beginner golfer should have either a pitching wedge or a sand wedge in their collection.


How Golfing Irons are Constructed


Iron Construction Types

            Now that we have discussed the different types of irons that can be found in a set, I will highlight three different types of construction that irons typically have.


Stainless Steel Irons:

Stainless steel is the most common material used for manufacturing golf irons. This material is durable, affordable, and provides a good balance of feel, forgiveness, and distance. Stainless steel irons are suitable for a wide range of golfers and offer high performance for a great price.


Forged Irons:

Forged irons are made from a single piece of metal. The manufacturing process involves heating the metal and shaping it using intense pressure. Forged irons are known for their soft feel, responsiveness, and workability. I would recommend forged irons for golfers searching for control and precision because the metal used to create this type of iron generally gives the golfer just that.


Cast Irons:

Cast Irons are made from pouring metal into a pre-designed mold. This manufacturing process allows for intricate, complex designs and precise weight distribution. Cast irons are optimal for golfers who prioritize forgiveness and distance making them popular among several golfers regardless of level or skill set.


Before moving on...

I want to note that these material and construction types can be combined with several different design features which allow several groups of golfers to enjoy using the materials listed above. Generally, golf brands create irons using advanced technology in addition to these materials to enhance performance, such as tungsten weighting, for increased forgiveness. Therefore, if one of these material types interests you, it is likely that there is an iron of that type which is ideal for your skillset and golf goals.


How Golfing Irons are Designed


Iron Design Types

            In addition to style and materials, one key difference between types of irons is their design.


Blade or Muscle Back Irons:

Blade Irons, known as muscle back irons, feature a compact clubhead. They have minimal offset in addition to a smaller sweet spot. Blade irons are optimal for advanced golfers that are in search of control rather than forgiveness. Though blade irons give the golfer excellent feedback, they require precise ball striking due to having a small sweet spot.


Cavity Back Irons:

Cavity Back Irons are created with a hollowed-out cavity on the back of the club head. This design allows weight to be distributed to the edges of the clubhead which creates a larger sweet spot and, thereby, more forgiveness. Cavity Back irons are an excellent choice for players at any level but particularly those who need slightly more forgiveness


Game Improvement Irons:

Game Improvement Irons are designed to give the golfer forgiveness and distance. This design is created using a larger clubhead, wider sole, and a low center of gravity. In my opinion, these irons are a great choice for beginner golfers who are prioritizing forgiveness.


It is necessary to consider the style, design, and construction of an iron before adding it to your collection.

            It’s important to consider all three facets discussed in this blog prior to purchasing an iron or iron set. Not only that, but I suggest taking into account your personal skill level, playing style, and personal preferences. Trying out different irons and getting fitted will help you determine the best irons to improve your game. At Golf Superstore, we offer in-store fitting as a Top 100 Club Fitter. If you are in need of a fitter, give us a call at 855-643-1800 or go to our website which can be found at

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